Early history[ edit ] The region bounded by the Mureșthe Tisza and the Danube was very fertile and offered favorable conditions for food and human livelihood yet in BC. The first identifiable civilization in Banat were the Dacians who left traces of their past.
Although its location is unknown, the coordinates given by geographer Ptolemy in Geographike Hyphegesis place it in the northwest of Banat.
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It is assumed that in the 9th century Knyaz Glad ruled over these lands. He accepted Hungarian sovereignty. However, so far no document dating back to that period has been discovered.
The palace was built by Italian craftsmen and was organized around a rectangular court having a main body provided with a dungeon or 34 dating 24 tower.
An important event in the city's history was the peasant uprising led by György Dózsa. On 10 August he tried to change the course of Bega River to be able to enter more easily into the city, but he was defeated by attacks from both inside and outside the city. Note the crescent moons on towers characteristic of cities during the Ottoman era. The fall of Belgrade in and the defeat at 34 dating 24 in caused the division of the Hungarian Kingdom in three parts, and Banat became the object of contention between the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary and Ottomans.
After a failed siege inthe Turks regrouped and returned with a new strategy.
On 22 Aprila ,strong army led by Kara Ahmed Pasha conquered the city and transformed it into a capital city in the region Eyalet of Temeşvar. The local military commander, István Losonczy, and other Christians were massacred on 27 July while escaping the city through the Azapilor Gate.
During this period, Timișoara was home to a large Islamic community and produced famous historical figures, such as Osman Ağa of Temeşvar.
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Following a strong Transylvanian offensive led by György Borbély, the Christian army conquered several towns, but Timișoara remained untouched. After 40 days of futile efforts, the besiegers drew back.
Life and career[ edit ] Beginnings, election to parliament and ministerial post[ edit ] According to Ponta, his family, originally called Ponte, originated in Triesteand reached Transylvania around the turn of the 20th century, in order to help build a road from Pecica to Nădlac commissioned by the Austro-Hungarian authorities.
The Ottoman military, the kuruc and the Turkish civilian population were forced to leave the city after a day siege marked by repeated bombings that destroyed much of the city's buildings. After the conquest of Banat, the imperial authorities in Vienna began an extensive process of colonizationusing especially German Catholics Swabians from WürttembergSwabiaNassauetc.
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The main function of Timișoara during this period was that of a military fortress. The existing fortifications could not cope with the new military techniques, so the entire fortress was rebuilt in a late, flat and inconsistent adaptation of the Vauban style. It had an area 10 times larger than the medieval Turkish fortress.
Between andBega River was regulated, creating a navigable canal. The city was under siege in for days.
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The Hungarians unsuccessfully tried to capture the fortress in the battle of Temesvár. It was the last major battle in the Hungarian Revolution of The new imperial province, the existence of which had also been consecrated by the imperial decree of 18 Novemberwas ruled both militarily and civilly, and the official languages were German and "Illyrian" 34 dating 24 would come to be known as Serbo-Croatian.
Timișoara was designated as the residence of the governor, and the city maintained its privileges as a free royal city. As part of Austria-Hungarythe city experienced a fast economic and demographic growth. Credit institutions invested large sums in the development of local industry; at the turn of the 20th century there were many enterprises here: two alcohol factories, an iron foundry, a match factory, a brick factory, a gas factory, a chain factory, a hat factory, a chocolate factory, etc.
The main functions of the city 34 dating 24 became the economic ones, especially the commercial and banking ones. On 1 November they proclaimed the short-lived Banat Republic. In the aftermath of World War Ithe Banat region was divided between the Kingdom of Romania and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenesand Timișoara came under Romanian administration after Serbian occupation between and InKing Ferdinand I awarded Timișoara the status of a University Centre, and the interwar years saw continuous economic and cultural development.
A number of anti-fascist and anti-revisionist demonstrations also took place during this time.
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On 23 AugustRomania, which until then was a member of the Axis, declared war on Nazi Germany and joined the Allies.
The German and Hungarian troops attempted to take the city by force throughout September, but without success.
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After the war, the People's Republic of Romania was proclaimed, and Timișoara underwent Sovietization 34 dating 24, later, Systematization. The city's population tripled between and Timișoara became highly 34 dating 24 both through new investments and by increasing the capacities of the old enterprises in various industries: machine building, textile and footwear, electrical, food, plastics, optical, building materials, furniture, etc.
The local time of the city considered after the meridian is 1 h 25' 8" ahead of the Greenwich Mean Timebut it is 34' 52" behind the official time of Romania Eastern European Time. Timișoara developed on one of few places where the swamps could be crossed. These constituted a natural protection around the fortress for a very long time, however, they also favored a wet and insalubrious climate, as well as the proliferation of the plague and cholera, which kept the number of inhabitants at a relatively low number and significantly prevented the development of the city.
With time, however, the rivers of the area were drained, dammed and diverted.
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Due to the hydrographical projects 34 dating 24 in the 18th century, the city no longer lies on the Timiș River, but on the Bega Canal. This improvement of the land was made irreversible by building the Bega Canal started in and by the complete draining of the surrounding marshes.
However, the land across the city lies above a water table at a depth of only 0. Taken as a whole, the relief of Timișoara appears as a relatively flat, monotonous surface, the smoothness of the surface being interrupted only by the Bega riverbed. Researched in detail, the relief of the city and its surroundings presents a series of local peculiarities, represented mainly by deserted meanders, micro-depressions and ridges generally made of coarse materials.
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These are the result of the deposits in the area of the Timiș and Bega rivers, before their drainage, regularization and damming concretized altimetrically by modest bumps, which do not exceed anywhere, the interval of 2—3 m. There are two active seismic faults that cross the western part of the city. The landscape is diversified by meadow vegetation, along the main rivers, in which softwood trees predominate: willowspoplarsalders.
Within the city limits is the Green Forest Romanian : Pădurea Verdea forest massif with an area of about ha 1, acressystematically arranged in squares of 15 ha 37 acres.
The first trees of the reserve were brought in from the Harvard University nursery. Today, the reserve includes different species of trees and shrubs and is part of the International Association of Botanical Gardens. The birds, on the other hand, are numerous, some of which are of hunting importance the pheasant.
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The newest of Romania's zoos, Timișoara Zoological Garden is located in the northeastern part of the city, in the Green Forest, on an area of 6.
Springing from the Poiana Ruscă MountainsBega is canalized, and from Timișoara to its outflow it was arranged for navigation km [71 mi]. Frequently, even in winter, humid air masses arrive from the Atlanticbringing significant rains and snows, less often cold waves.